Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Mediainfo with rar support

Mediainfo is a very nice utility, but it works even better with rar support.
Took me a while to compile it succesfully, therefor here are the steps. Easy once you know it :~

First, install current version of the normal Mediainfo and other requirements that we need later.

sudo -s
apt install mediainfo libmediainfo-dev git build-essential

Then get the latest source code from the website. Currently version 20.03.

mkdir /root/installers/ && cd /root/installers
tar zxvf MediaInfo_CLI_20.03_GNU_FromSource.tar.gz
cd MediaInfo_CLI_GNU_FromSource
cd MediaInfo/Project/GNU/CLI && make install

Now we’re going to add the rar functionality. It depends on a modified version of libdvdread, also from lundman, that we need first.

cd /root/installers
tar zxvf
./configure && make && make install

And now we’re going to build the mediainfo-rar version:

cd /root/installers
wget ""
tar zxvf mediainfo-rar-1.4.0.tar.gz
cd mediainfo-rar-1.4.0
./configure && make && make install

Run it: mediainfo-rar.
If it complains about “error while loading shared libraries:”, fix it with:

ln -s /usr/local/lib/ /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/

That’s all.

Backup links in case sources will ever disappear:

Monday, May 11, 2020

DSM6: Run services like inetd in Synology debian-chroot

Somehow systemd does not run in the debian-chroot, so in case inetd is working for you, here’s how:
ssh to your synology

sudo -s
chroot /volume1/@appstore/debian-chroot/var/chroottarget /bin/bash
apt install wget tcpd zip unzip openssl lftp openbsd-inetd

Install software of choice. Then:

service openbsd-inetd start

Auto-start the inetd service with the debian-chroot:

sqlite3 /volume1/@appstore/debian-chroot/var/debian-chroot.db
INSERT INTO services VALUES ('0', 'INETD', '/etc/init.d/openbsd-inetd','ps -p $(cat /var/run/');

DSM6: Create a Synology x64 debian chroot

1 Install the synology “noarch” package
Go to the Package Center, then Settings
Trusted sources, “Synology Inc. and trusted publishers”
Package Sources, Add, “SynoCommunity” + “”
Community, install Python (v2.x, not v3) and nano
Manual Install, debian-chroot_noarch-all_8.4-7.spk but DO NOT “Run after installation”

2 Fix the DSM Interface
Ssh to your Synology

sudo -s
cd /volume1/@appstore/debian-chroot/env/bin
./pip install click
nano /var/packages/debian-chroot/target/app/debian-chroot.js

Then replace

"url": "3rdparty/debian-chroot/debian-chroot.cgi/direct/router",
"url": "/webman/3rdparty/debian-chroot/debian-chroot.cgi/direct/router",
'url': '3rdparty/debian-chroot/debian-chroot.cgi/direct/poller',
'url': '/webman/3rdparty/debian-chroot/debian-chroot.cgi/direct/poller',

And alter the onclose function:

onClose: function () { 
    return true;

3 Replace the binaries with x64
Remove old binaries:

cd /volume1/@appstore/debian-chroot/var
rm -rf chroottarget

Put the x64 chroot.tar.gz in the current directory

tar zxvf chroot.tar.gz
echo "chroot" >/volume1/@appstore/debian-chroot/var/chroottarget/etc/hostname
cp /etc/resolv.conf /volume1/@appstore/debian-chroot/var/chroottarget/etc/resolv.conf
touch /usr/local/debian-chroot/var/installed

If you created a chroot for a different architecture than x64, use the following command. Otherwise skip this.

chroot /volume1/@appstore/debian-chroot/var/chroottarget /debootstrap/debootstrap --second-stage

The chroot is now installed. Start it:

/var/packages/debian-chroot/scripts/start-stop-status start

Enter the chroot:

chroot /volume1/@appstore/debian-chroot/var/chroottarget /bin/bash

Post-installation steps:

apt update && apt upgrade && apt autoremove
apt-get install locales
dpkg-reconfigure locales -> only "[*] en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8" -> system default: en_US.UTF-8
dpkg-reconfigure tzdata -> set correct timezone, e.g. Europe, Amsterdam

If you want extra mounts in your chroot, look in:


example to add a Synology share called stuff to the chroot:

add to BOTTOM of all mount commands in section start_daemon script:
        grep -q "${CHROOTTARGET}/mnt/site " /proc/mounts || mount -o bind /volume1/stuff ${CHROOTTARGET}/mnt/site
add to TOP of all umount commands in section stop_daemon script:
        umount ${CHROOTTARGET}/mnt/site

Reboot your synology

Create debian x64 chroot files (for Synology debian-chroot)

On your current installed debian x64 installation:

sudo apt install debootstrap
sudo debootstrap stable chroottarget
sudo tar -cvzf chroot.tar.gz chroottarget

Save the chroot.tar.gz

If you need to create a chroot for a different architecture, eg armhf, the second command would be:

sudo debootstrap --foreign --arch armhf stable chroottarget